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  • growpains牛津高一作文

    【高一作文】 bf88必发网 2017-07-05本文已影响

    篇一:Unit 2 Growing Pains译林牛津版高一英语语言点

    Unit 2 Growing Pains译林牛津版高一英语语言点

    keep in touch with my friends by sending e-mails out of touch with current trends.

    He still keeps in touch with his old friends. I want to get in touch with my old friends. 和几位同学保持联系;对现代潮流不闻不问 4. do with 。

    5.explain vt., vi. explanation explain

    sth.to sb.to sb. sth to sb.+ clause Explain what this word means to us.解 释词的含义。

    Can you explain why you were late to us ?你能解释一下 你为什么迟到吗? n. give an explanation of

    6.in /take charge of 主语通常是人 相当于in the charge of sb./in one’s charge Mary is in charge of the baby. The baby is in Mary’s charge. The baby is in the charge of Mary. charge v 要价

    charges ten dollars for a haircut.理一次发要价十美元照管; take charge / control of

    7.trust vt., vi.=believe in相信;信任,信赖;有信心

    Don't trust him — he's not telling the truth.不要相信他,他说得不是真话。 我可以信任你把这项工作做好吗? 希望I trust you will be successful.我希望你会成功。 Trustworthy 值得信赖的

    8. hard adj. a hard master严师 be hard on sb 对某人苛刻 Don't be too hard on the boy; he didn't mean to do it. "对这个小男孩不要太严厉了,他不是故意这么做的。" the work calls for/need hard work 9. rude adj.粗鲁的;无礼的

    他被处罚了,因为他对老师不礼貌。 He was punished for his rudeness 10.punish vt.处罚;惩罚 n。 punishment

    Words and Expressions

    c惊奇或 意外的事情 1. surprise n. □

    Don't tell him about the present -- it's a surprise. 不要告诉他礼物的事,这是件意想不到的礼物。

    His sudden death was a great surprise. 他突然去世了,这件事使人感到非常意外。

    u I looked at him in surprise - I didn't expect to see him again. □

    我惊奇地看他,没想到又见到他了。 Much to my surprise, he failed the exam. To one’s surprise / joy / delight / disappointment vt(常与at连用)惊呆;使难以置信

    The news greatly surprised me.这消息使我大为惊讶。

    What surprised me most is that he did not pass the exam. "此人由于被发现而非常吃惊,甚至都没有想起逃跑。" get sb surprised make sb feel surprised

    2.suppose(常与that连用)认定;猜想;

    ①be supposed to相当于,be expected to /should /ought to

    We are not supposed to play football on Sundays. All of us are expected/ supposed to go to the lecture

    ② 疑问词+do you suppose/think/believe +疑问句其他部分(陈述语序) What do you suppose you will do after school?你放学后想什么? ③Do you suppose he will come ?Yes , I suppose so

    No , I suppose not. /No ,I don’t suppose so ④ 假如=if

    Suppose/supposing you had one million dollars, what would you do? Suppose/Supposing it rains, what will you do? 3 . touch vi., vt. 接触;碰到

    Visitors are not allowed to touch the exhibits.参观者请勿触摸展览品。 n. keep/be/get in touch with

    lose /be out of touch with touch with

    第 1 页 共 3 页

    汽车司机如危险驾驶应受到严厉处罚。

    The teacher punished the noisy children by making them stay after school. 老师用放学后留学生的办法惩罚那些吵闹的孩子。 11.insist on/upon ( doing ) sth坚持要求做某事 that sb. should do 坚持要求做某事that +主语+谓语 坚持认为,用陈述语气 She insisted on / upon being left alone. We insisted his coming to the party.

    We insisted that he (should) come to the party. We all insist that we not rest until we finish the work. We insisted that he should have a rest, but he insisted that he was not tired at all.

    He insisted that he was wronged.他坚持说自己是冤枉的。 12.suggest vt.

    建议, 提出, 使想起, 暗示 sth (to sb.)

    doing/one’s doing(to sb.)

    (to sb.)that sb.should do

    He suggested a visit to the Great Wall. May I suggest going there by train?

    She suggested that we( should )have lunch at the new restaurant. She suggested having lunch at the new restaurant. suggestion n.建议,提议

    He made the suggestion that we (should) go by train.他建议我们坐火车去。 比较 doing/one’s doing sb. to dothat sb. should do I advised him to stop smoking. I advise that he should stop smoking. un.advice a piece of advice ask sb. for advice on how to do give sb. advice on how to do take/follow one’s advice

    He gave us advice on how to improve English

    13.spare adj.备用的 a spare tire备用轮胎

    第 2 页 共 3 页

    in one’s spare time vt., vi.

    I have no time to spare.我没有余暇。 I have no money to spare.我没有多余的钱。 Can you spare me ten minutes?你能抽出十分钟吗? spared herself the trouble of going.她省却了去一趟的麻烦

    14.forbid v.禁止,不准,不许 forbid sth

    allowdoing sth./one’s doing permit sb. to do

    Smoking is forbidden in the concert hall.演奏厅内不准吸烟。 Most of the parents forbid their children to smoke. Most of the parents forbid their children’s smoking. 大多数父母都同意禁止自己的孩子抽烟。 15crazy adj. 1)发疯的

    在这么冷的天气出去你疯了。

    (=You are crazy to buy the car at such a high price)花那么高的价钱去买这两车,你真是疯了。 2)热爱,狂热 be crazy about

    He is crazy about drawing. 他热衷于画画。 16.now that 引导原因状语从句。语气比because弱,引导的从句常放在句首。that可以省略 Now (that) you have know that, I won’t repeat . Now (that) everyone is here, let’s begin the meeting .

    Now that I have seen how he lives, I know why he needs so much money . 17.leave sth./sb. + adj/adv doing done Don’t leave the door open.

    She left her crying. 她任凭她的宝宝哭个不停。 Don’t leave your work half done. 工作不要半途而废。

    Better leave it unsaid. 话还是不讲出来的好。 Leave them as they are. 那些东西就保留现状吧。 Always leave your things where you can find them again. 随时要把东西放在容易找到的地方。 18.1) go +done

    go armed/unnoticed/ueported/unpunished/uncheckedHis absence went unnoticed. was unnoticed The news went ueported.

    2) go +adj. 表示变成┈状态,常表示由好变坏, 由正常到不正常

    Go mad/bad/wrong/hungry/blind

    第 3 页 共 3 页

    篇二:原文加翻译Growing pains

    牛津高中英语 模块一第二单元 Growing pains

    Growing pains

    Many teenagers feel lonely, as if no one understands them and the changes they are going through.

    Day by day, everything seems different, yet the same. Life never seems to be going fast enough;

    yet, in other ways, like a race car, life seems to be rushing too fast and even going out of control.

    Has anyone else ever felt this way? These feelings are a common part of adolescence—the time of

    life between child and adult. And, though it may some times be difficult to believe, you are not

    alone—every adult has gone through adolescence, and your friends are going through it right now

    along with you. It is common for teenagers to feel lonely and misunderstood. These feelings can

    be thought of as growing pains—the difficulties that teenagers face as they grow to adults.

    As teenagers grow, it is normal for them to become confused with the changing world both inside

    and outside of them. During adolescence, teenagers go through great physical changes. They grow

    taller and their voices get deeper, among many other developments. Along with these physical

    changes, there come many psychological changes. Boys and girls tend to be different in this

    regard. Many boys become risk-takers—they want to find their own limits and the limits of the

    world around them, but may not have the wisdom to make good choices in their behavior. At the

    same time, girls often want someone—anyone—to talk to, as they try to deal with their strong

    feelings. In the social world, as teenagers get older, they struggle to depend on themselves. They

    may badly want and need their parents’ love, yet feel distant; they may want to be part of the

    group, yet desire independence. Since teenagers have difficulty balancing these needs, they often

    question who they are and how they fit in society. The good news is that these kinds of growing

    pains do not last. In the end everything turns out OK—the teenager becomes a healthy adult, and

    this period of change and challenge is traded for the changes and challenges of grown-up life.

    好在这些成长的烦恼并不会持久。最终一切都会好起来——青少年成长为健康的成年人,而

    青春期的变化和挑战则转变为成人生活中的种种变化和挑战。在大千社会中,随着青少年长

    大,他们努力地自力更生。他们或许迫切需要父母的关爱,却又感觉疏远;他们或许想要成

    为团体的一员,但又渴望独立。正因为青少年们在平衡这些需要时有困难,所以他们经常质

    疑自己到底是谁以及怎样融入社会。与这些生理变化同时而来的,还有很多心理上的变化。

    男孩和女孩在这方面往往有所不同。很多男孩成为危险尝试者——他们希望找到自己的局限

    和他们周边世界的局限,但也许并不具有对其行为作出正确抉择的智慧。而与此同时,女孩

    则通常需要和某个人——或任何人——进行交谈,因为她们试图面对自己强烈的情感。 在青少年成长的时候,对自己无论体内还是体外的状态变化感到困惑对他们而言是正常现

    象。在青春期,青少年经历着身体上的巨大变化。他们个子长高,声音变低,还有很多其他

    的成长发育。这些感觉是青春期——介于孩童和成人之间的人生阶段——的正常组成部分。

    而且,虽然有时难以相信,并非只有你才是这样——每一个成年人都经历过青春期,而你的

    朋友和你一样正经历这个阶段。对青少年而言,感到孤独和被误解是很普遍的。这些情感可

    以看作是成长的烦恼——是青少年迈向成年时所面对的困难。成长的烦恼很多青少年感到孤

    独,好像没有人理解他们以及他们正在经历的变化。日子一天天过去,而所有事情似乎都是

    不同的,可又都是一成不变的。生活似乎从不过得足够快;而从别的方面看,生活似乎过得

    太快甚至于失控,像开赛车一样。别的人也有过同感么?

    Home alone

    Mom and Dad arrive back from vacation a day earlier than expected. The curtains are closed

    and the living room is dark when Mom and Dad enter. Dad: It’s so nice to be home!

    Act One

    Mom: Yes, I can’t wait to surprise the boys! Suddenly the door opens and a soccer ball flies

    through the room. Eric runs in after it, followed by a big dog, walking very slowly.

    Eric:Mom! Dad! You’re back early! (looking around room, sounding frightened)

    But, but … you weren’t supposed to come home until tomorrow! The dog slowly walks to Mom

    and Dad.

    Mom: (bending to touch dog) Eric, he’s so tired and hungry! (looking at table) The money for dog

    food is gone, but Spot looks like he is starving! What did you do with the cash we left?

    Dad: And look at this room—garbage all over the place! Where is your brother? (shouting angrily)

    Daniel!

    Daniel: (running into room) Mom, Dad, I can explain …Dad opens the curtains and light comes

    into the room. The room is in a mess, with pizza boxes on the floor and dirty dishes in the sink. In

    the corner, there is a garbage can around which are pieces of garbage and waste paper. Mom and

    Dad both turn towards Daniel.

    Dad: (sounding very angry) Listen to me, young man—we left you in charge! We thought you

    could act like an adult, but look at the mess! I don’t know why the house is so dirty ...

    Mom: Daniel, we thought you were an adult, a person who would make good decisions ...

    Dad: How can we trust you any more? We won’t tolerate such behavior in our house! Daniel:

    (shouting) Stop shouting at me. I’m still a teenager! Why is everything always my fault? Daniel

    runs into his bedroom and shuts the door angrily. Mom and Dad look at each other as lights go

    out.

    End of Act One

    Act Two, Scene One

    Daniel and Eric’s bedroom. Eric sits on his bed. Daniel has his arms crossed and looks upset.

    Daniel: They never even gave me a chance to defend myself. I hate them!

    Eric: You don’t hate them. I can tell them we had an emergency. Then they won’t be mad any

    more.

    Daniel: No, don’t tell them anything. Anyhow, they didn’t trust me. They don’t deserve an

    explanation. Let them think what they want.

    Eric: But Daniel, if they knew that Spot was sick and that we used the money to take him to the

    clinic ...Daniel: And that we spent all of yesterday waiting there for him, and that is why we had

    no time to clean the house ... but no, Eric, why didn’t they ask me what happened instead of shouting at me?

    Act Two, Scene Two

    Mom: Do you think we

    growpains牛津高一作文

    were too hard on Daniel? Perhaps there is a reason why the house is a

    mess ...

    Dad: Maybe, but now that he has been so rude to us, I feel like we have to punish him or he won’t

    respect us.

    Mom: Oh, why does this have to be so difficult? Mom sighs.

    End of Act Two

    爸爸:还有,你们看看这起居室——垃圾满地都是!你哥哥在哪儿?(生气地喊)丹尼尔!

    妈妈叹了口气。第二幕完妈妈:哎,干嘛非得这么麻烦啊?爸爸:也许吧,可是既然他对我

    们那么粗鲁无礼,那我觉得我们有必要教训教训他,要不然,不会尊重我们的。第二幕,第

    二场妈妈:你觉得我们刚才对丹尼尔是不是太苛刻了呢?有可能家里一团糟是有原因的……丹尼尔:还有,我们昨天在兽医那儿呆了一整天,正因为如此,我们才没有时间打扫房子……可是,不,埃里克,为什么他们不问问我到底发生了什么事就对我大喊大叫呢?埃里克:可是丹尼尔,如果他们知道小斑点生病了,我们用那笔钱带小斑点去看了兽医……丹尼尔:别,什么都不用跟他们说。不管怎样,他们不信任我。他们不配得到解释。他们愿意怎么想就让他们怎么想好了。埃里克:你可不要讨厌他们!我可以告诉他们发生了紧急情况。解释之后他们就不会再生气了。丹尼尔:他们压根儿就不给我一个辩解的机会。我讨厌他们!

    第二幕,第一场丹尼尔和埃里克的卧室。埃里克坐在床上,丹尼尔双臂抱在胸前,看起来很不高兴。丹尼尔冲进自己的卧室,愤怒地关上房门。妈妈和爸爸面面相觑,灯光灭。 第一幕完丹尼尔:(叫喊着)别对我大喊大叫好不好?我还只是个少年!为什么什么事总是我的过错?爸爸:我们怎么能再信任你?在我们家里可不能容忍这种行为!妈妈:丹尼尔,我们还以为你是成年人了,是一个会做出正确决定的人……爸爸:(非常生气地)听我说,年轻人——我们将这个家交给你负责!我们原以为你的行为举止能像个大人样了,可看看这片狼籍!我不知道为什么这个房子弄得这么脏……妈妈和爸爸同时转向丹尼尔。爸爸拉开窗帘,光线一下子照进屋里。起居室里一片狼藉:地板上堆放着比萨饼盒子,洗碗池里全是脏碗碟。角落里有只垃圾桶,在其周围还有垃圾和废纸。丹尼尔:(跑进客厅)妈妈, 爸爸我可以跟你们解释…… 妈妈:(俯身抚摸着狗)埃里克,狗怎么又累又饿的啊!(看了看桌子)买狗食的钱不见了,可是小斑点看上去都饿坏了!你俩用我们留给你们的钱做什么了? 狗缓缓地走到妈妈和爸爸身边。埃里克:妈妈!爸爸!你们这么早就回来了呀!(四下打量,惊慌地)可是、可是……你们应该明天才到家的呀! 突然,门开了,一只足球飞了进来。埃里克随后跑进起居室,身后跟着一条大狗,走路慢吞吞的。妈妈:是啊,我迫不及待地要给儿子们一个惊喜呢!爸爸:回家的感觉真好啊!小鬼当家 第一幕妈妈和爸爸外出度假,比预期的时间提前一天返回家中。妈妈和爸爸进门时,窗帘紧闭,起居室里黑咕隆咚的。

    篇三:高中英语作文点评:No Pains, No Gains

    高中英语作文点评:No Pains, No Gains

    高中英语作文点评:No Pains, No Gains

    高州中学 梁冠华

    在最近的一次作文训练中,我让学生写了下面的一篇作文:请以“No pains, No gains”为题写一篇作文。写作提示:解释谚语;举例说明;结论。词数:150—250。

    学生的习作如下:

    No Pains, No Gains

    As we all know, “no pains, no gains” is an influential proverb stressing the importance of hard working. It tells us that only by working hard can we achieve our goals, and on the contrary, the one who is lazy will never gain the things he wants.

    Li Yundi is a famous pianist in the world. Most of us are amazed at his perfect performance, but few of us know how much time and energy he has spent in practising. He started playing the piano when he was only 5 years old. He never gave up practising even though he met difficulties. When other children at the same age were playing games outside or watching TV, he was playing the piano, totally absorbed in the beautiful music. He also took part in many competitions to improve his skills. Finally, he became world-famous when he won the champion in Chopin International Piano Competition, which is one of the best-known piano competitions in the world. And he is the first Chinese pianist to receive such a great honour.

    Li Yundi would never become so successful if he didn’t practise so hard. And we wouldn’t gain what we want if we didn’t work hard. No pains, no gains. (209 words)

    这是一篇好作文,好在哪里?在高中阶段,作文是好还是不好,评判标准是这篇文章在考试中是否能拿高分。在高考中,作文是否能获得高分,主要看两方面:一是语言,二是内容。

    一、首先,我们看看这篇作文在语言表达方面的情况:

    1、句子无错误

    通观整篇文章,句子没有错误,或者说评卷老师在几十秒内很难找出错误。避免语法和拼写的低级错误,避免被扣印象分,是学生在写作文时要做的首要事情。语言表达无错误是作文拿高分的前提,是好文章的基本标准。

    2、使用了较多的复合句

    这篇文章用了12个从句,从而构成了大量的复合句:

    (1)As we all know, “no pains, no gains” is an influential proverb stressing the importance of hard working.

    (2)It tells us that only by working hard can we achieve our goals.

    (3)?the one who is lazy will never gain the things he wants.

    (4)?few of us know how much time and energy he has spent in practising.

    (5)He started playing the piano when he was only 5 years old.

    (6)He never gave up practising even though he met difficulties.

    (7)When other children at the same age were playing games outside or watching TV, he was playing the piano?

    (8)Finally, he became world-famous when he won the champion in Chopin International Piano Competition, which is one of the best-known piano competitions in the world.

    (9)Li Yundi would never become so successful if he didn’t practise so hard.

    (10) And we wouldn’t gain what we want if we didn’t work hard.

    整篇文章共有13个句子,学生用了12个从句,表现出运用语言的高水平。高考评卷老师有一个默认的倾向,给比较多地恰当地运用主从复合句的文章打高分。

    3、句式多种多样

    (1)有9个词的简单句短句:Li Yundi is a famous pianist in the world.

    (2)有25个词的复合句长句:When other children at the same age were playing games outside or watching TV, he was playing the piano, totally absorbed in the beautiful music.

    (3)有分词短语结构:...an influential proverb stressing the importance of

    hard working./ When other children at the same age were playing games outside or watching TV, he was playing the piano, totally absorbed in the beautiful music.

    (4)有动名词结构:He started playing the piano when he was only 5 years old./ He never gave up practising even though he met difficulties.

    (5)有倒装句结构:It tells us that only by working hard can we achieve our goals...

    (6)有虚拟语气结构:Li Yundi would never become so successful if he didn’t practise so hard./ And we wouldn’t gain what we want if we didn’t work hard.

    这位学生采用多样化的句式进行表达,显示出较强的语言功底,大大提高了作文的档次。

    4、使用关联词衔接句子

    (1) ...and on the contrary, the one who is lazy will never gain the things he wants.

    (2) ...but few of us know how much time and energy he has spent in practising.

    (3) He also took part in many competitions to improve his skills.

    (4) Finally, he became world-famous...

    (5) And he is the first Chinese pianist...

    (6) And we wouldn’t gain what we want...

    通过使用顺序(finally)、并列(and)、转折(but, on the contrary)、补充(also)、说明、强调、因果、结论等连接词,进行句子和段落的衔接与拓展,使文章流畅和一气呵成,从而获得较高的评分。这位学生娴熟地运用了这些写作手段。

    5、句子平均用词量显示较强的语言功底

    全文13个句子,用词209个,平均每个句子用词16个。据统计,现代英语写作,专业写手每个句子的平均用词量是20—25个,而这位学生的平均用词量达到16个,虽然不及专业写手,但也显示出较强的语言功底,与专业写手平均用词量的差距并不遥远。

    二、接着,我们看看这篇作文的内容:

    这篇文章在第一段“解释谚语”中写道:谚语“不劳则无获”强调勤劳的重要性,只有勤劳才能实现目标,懒惰的人会一事无成。学生对谚语的意义把握准确,解释中肯。

    在第二段“举例说明”部分,学生写著名钢琴家李云迪的成长经历:5岁学琴,遇困难不放弃,放弃同龄人的爱好而专心练琴,参加各种比赛,获得肖邦国际钢琴大赛冠军,成为国际知名钢琴好手,是中国获此殊荣的第一人。

    在第三段“总结”部分,学生言简意赅,以“李云迪如果不如此勤奋努力就不会如此的成功”为铺垫,作出最后总结“不劳则无获”,回应文章主题。

    作文,尤其是考场作文,对内容的取舍,一般的处理方法是这样的:不假思索就能想到的东西,绝对不要写;稍加思索想到的也不要写;花上几分钟,想别人想不到的内容来写。这篇文章选材与众不同,甚至出人意料,说明这位学生或阅读广泛,或生活经历丰富,而且深谙作文选材之道。“读书的厚度就是作文的深度”,“作文是生活经历的反映”。多读书,多参加课外活动,多参加社会实践活动,是得心应手地选材的前提。

    总之,在语言表达方面,这篇文章有很多能获高分的亮点,在内容方面,选材独到,符合优秀作文的选材要求,是一篇好作文。

    相关热词搜索:牛津 作文 高一 growpains grow pains 作文 牛津英语高一邮件作文

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