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  • 自然灾害英文报道

    【1200字以上】 bf88必发网 2017-03-22本文已影响

    篇一:灾难性新闻报道中英语标题导语特点分析

    龙源期刊网 .cn

    灾难性新闻报道中英语标题导语特点分析 作者:李薇

    来源:《科技传播》2013年第13期

    摘 要 本文是借2013年4月20日四川雅安地震事件,着重分析在灾难性新闻报道中,主流英文媒体的新闻标题和导语特点,一方面能够从语言角度上总结英语新闻写作的,尤其是灾难性新闻报道的实用方法,另一方面,从理论上丰富语言的艺术对于不同题材的新闻报道所起到的作用。

    关键词 灾难性新闻报道;标题特点;导语特点

    中图分类号G210 文献标识码A 文章编号 1674-6708(2013)94-0025-02

    北京时间2013年4月20日8时02分四川省雅安市芦山县(北纬30.3,东经103.0)发生7.0级地震。据中国地震局消息,截至20日2时,地震已造成157人死亡,4人失踪,仅雅安市受伤人数就达到5500人左右。灾难发生后,党中央作出重要指示,要把抢救生命作为首要任务,最大限度减少伤亡。

    灾难事件因其突发性、时效性以及重要性成为全国乃至国际新闻媒体关注和报道的对象。这类新闻事实往往因其不可预测性、影响广泛性而受到众多读者的关注,日益成为各种媒体的常客。“作为新闻的眼睛,“标题被视为?一瞥的艺术',在?第一观'的刹那间就把读者抓住,带有导读的动力”。 而新闻导语,是就以简要的文句,突出最重要、88必发手机客户端鲜或最富有个性特点的事实,提示新闻要旨,吸引读者阅读全文的消息的开头部分。在新闻报道中,新闻标题和新闻导语起着至关重要的作用,尤其是在海量信息充斥的网络时代。当然,新闻标题和新闻导语的”抓眼球“作用在灾难性新闻报道中的作用就更毋庸置疑了。

    所以本文拟从4.20四川雅安地震为例,着重分析在灾难性新闻报道中,主流英文媒体的新闻标题和导语特点,一方面能够从语言角度上总结英语新闻写作的,尤其是灾难性新闻报道的实用方法,另一方面,从理论上丰富语言的艺术对于不同题材的新闻报道所起到的作用。1 灾难性新闻报道的标题特点

    1.1总体词语的使用偏好:用短词和小词

    由字母构成的英语单词和四字格的中文汉字在版面中所占空间的大小不同,就使注重版面经济和眼球经济的英语新闻从业者不得不注意短词的使用。为了让新闻标题简短,英语新闻标题中的措词自然要首选那些短小的单词。这就是说,在表达同一意思时,英语新闻标题倾向使用“小词”。这些短小易懂、形象生动的措词不仅能增强新闻的简洁性和可读性,而对于短词的使用,在灾难性新闻报道中表现更为突出。

    篇二:自然灾害 英语作文

    Natural Disasters

    Our country region is vast, but some natural disasters happened in recent years ,

    such as floods, droughts, earthquakes, windstorms and so on.The disasters have

    killed a great deal of people, destroyed countless homes, and wiped out numerous

    pieces of fertile land.Natural disasters have become effect on our country's economic

    development and social security of the important factors that rely on scientific and

    technological progress, enhances our country of disaster prevention and mitigation

    comprehensive ability has become a top priority.

    There are some examples of the nature disasters.The first one is an earthquake,it

    is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth's crust that creates seismic

    waves. At the Earth's surface, earthquakes manifest themselves by vibration, shaking

    and sometimes displacement of the ground. For about on May 12,2008,an

    8.0-magnitude earthquake struck Sichuan. Thousands of people lost their families

    and even more people were left homeless.hand in hand,the Chinese But ,fortunately ,

    love is around us :the Communist party helps us ,the army helps us ,the people all

    over the world help us .They offer us with money ,goods ,love and so on !

    Earthquake could destroy our houses ,but it can not destroy the spirits of us! With the

    help of the such a large love ,we will over come the damage of the earthquake and

    face our beautiful future !

    The second is the drought,Drought is unusual dryness of soil, resulting in crop

    failure and shortage of water for other uses, caused by significantly lower rainfall

    than average over a prolonged period.Hot dry winds, high temperatures and

    consequent evaporation of moisture from the ground can contribute to conditions of

    drought.The example that is the worst in 100 years in Yunnan and parts of Guizhou

    had left 18 million residents and 11.7 million head of livestock in the region with

    drinking water shortages.The third is a flood is an overflow of an expanse of water

    that submerges land. The EU Floods directive defines a flood as a temporary

    covering by water of land not normally covered by water. In the sense of "flowing

    water", the word may also be applied to the inflow of the tide. The case is 2010

    Pakistan floods, damaged crops and infrastructure, claiming many lives. The 2010

    Pakistan floods, damaged crops and infrastructure, claiming many lives.

    As far as we students are concerned, we should provide our hand ,Then what

    should we do to deal with the problem ? On one hand , we should focus on the

    environmental protection and improve the ecology.On the other hand,strict measures

    should be taken to protect farmland. The earth is our only home-planet. many

    disasters happened these years, which cause many attention from the people.So the governments everywhere in the world try to forbid cutting .down the trees and

    restricting the emissions of waste water. whereas, we should all be responsible to our

    planet, because we only have a planet. First we should tell people around us to pay

    attention to this problem, due to the fact that there is some of the people who don't

    care about this. Second, we should decrease the toxic gas from ourselves, for

    instance we can walk to work instead of driving to work. we should not only care

    about the calamities in front of us but also care about our off springs, whether they

    can lead a happy life on this planet or not. In conclusion,we should be responsible. In order to prevent this case coming about again, we should improve our

    awareness of protecting environment.It is urgent for us to stop damaging it, and to

    do our best to protect it and make it a lovely place suitable to live in, for we have

    nowhere to go and survive except where we are now. If we do it ,I hold the view that

    our homeland will be better and better.

    篇三:人与自然灾害英文辩论赛

    正方(陈述):First let me explain what is natural disasters : Natural disasters means the anomaly occurred in the nature. it include floods, droughts, earthquakes, windstorms and so on. from these we can see that most of them are the punishment for humanity's destruction of

    nature .Human survival and development of the Earth's environment has led to the environment worse, the earth's animal and plant are reducing, which are necessary for human survival. What’s worse ,the climate has changed a lot as a result of human activity. Human more want to overcome nature, the more subject to nature's counterattack. 首先让我解释什么是自然灾害:自然灾害是指自然界中所发生的异常现象。它包括洪水,干旱,地震,风灾等。从这些我们可以看到,他们中的大多数都是对人类破坏行为的惩罚。对地球环境的人类的生存和发展具有LED的环境恶化,地球上的动物植物的减少,这是人类生存所必需的。更糟糕的是,气候由于人类活动改变了很多。人越想战胜自然,更受到大自然的反击。

    1反方(陈述):We believe that as long as technology can be advanced enough, we can do much for the nature disasters. We say that the defeat is not forced to rely on the strength of contrary to the laws of nature. Ever since human beings come into being, we had never stopped the action to put our feet on each inch of land we can find.

    我们相信,只要能足够先进的技术,我们可以做很多的自然灾害。我们说,失败不是被迫依靠违反自然规律的力量。自从人类诞生,我们从未停止行动,把我们的脚上,我们能找到的每一寸土地。

    正方():We know, happened a lot of natural disasters recently, such as WenChuan earthquake, Japan tsunami, see that they create the loss, in the face of disaster, we have the ability to resist? 我们知道,发生了很多的自然灾害,近年来,如汶川地震,日本的海啸,看到他们造成的损失,在灾难面前,我们有能力抵抗?

    2反方():WenChuan earthquake killed more than 60000, because human technology isn't advanced enough. We think we can reduce the loss as long as human technology advanced enough. Do you agree? Thank you.

    汶川地震死亡60000多人,因为技术不够先进。我们认为我们可以只要人类足够先进的科技减少损失。你同意吗?谢谢你.

    正方):Can it indicate that man can conquer the nature? In the several millions of years from human birth, but we still suffer a lot when the disaster comes, why? Is there a disaster which people know before it happens and prevent it? Thank you. 它表明,人能征服自然?在数百万年里从人类诞生,但我们仍然遭受了很多当灾难来临的时候,为什么?就在它发生之前和预防灾难,人知道吗?谢谢你.

    3反方(): It is true that we suffer a lot in the several millions of years from human birth. But while human developing, we can do more and more for the natural disasters. Do you agree? Thank you. 这是真的,我们受了很多的数百万年里从人类诞生。但是人的发展,我们可以做88必发娱乐官网的自然灾害。你同意吗?谢谢你.

    正方():There are some effects, but only a little. We can do something because of it is not big enough. If someday it takes a disaster which like bring the dinosaur dying out, what can we do? And how can we do after we all killed.

    有一定的影响,但只有一点点。我们可以做一些事情,因为它不够大。如果有一天,它需要一个灾难,像把恐龙灭绝,我们能做什么?我们怎么才能做我们都杀了后。

    4反方():You are said we can do little in face of the natural disasters .I want to ask a question"when you suffer a downpour, what would you do? Stand here?"

    你是说我们可以在自然灾害面前做什么。我想问一个问题“当你遭遇大,你会做什么?站在这里?”

    正方():We are discussing the nature disasters, not a downpour. 我们讨论的是自然灾害,不是一场倾盆大雨。

    5反方():The downpour is a nature disaster, isn't it? A light rain can become a downpour, can’t a downpour become flood.

    暴雨是一种自然灾害,不是吗?小雨可以成为一场倾盆大雨,暴雨洪不能成为

    正方():You are kidding, In Sichuan,People realize that even if the development of human technology is so advanced to the extent they can’t be able to overcome nature. 你是在开玩笑,在四川,人们意识到,即使人类技术的发展是如此先进的程度,他们不能够克服自然。

    6反方():The disaster like WenChuan earthquake is not typical .After all,it is rarely so terrible

    灾难就像汶川地震是不典型的。毕竟,它不是那么可怕

    正方(总结): All in all.In the face of nature's coun

    自然灾害英文报道

    terattack, humanity will become more helpless. Therefore, we believe that man can do little in the face of natural disasters That’s all, thank you. 所有的一切。在大自然的反扑面前,人类将变得更加奈。因此,我们认为,在自然灾害面前,都没有,谢谢你。

    7反方(总结):In a word,we fight against nature, at first, for survival In the face of the different kinds of disasters, we can find the appropriate measures to overcome it. That’s all, thank you. 总之,我们与大自然做斗争,首先,为了生存。在灾害的不同面,我们可以找到克服的适当措施。够了,谢谢.

    相关热词搜索:英文 自然灾害 报道 自然灾害英文ppt 自然灾害的英文作文

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